Radschool Association Magazine - Vol 33

Page 14

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The National Radio Fest.



Over the weekend, 18-19 September, the Historical Radio Society of Australia (HRSA) held a radio/phono festival at the Kamberra Wine Tourism complex in Canberra, ACT (below). The show is a bi-annual event Kamberra Wine Tourism Complexwhich is a get together for the HRSA associations from each State and its aim is to show off the history of Radio in Australia since its inception.


Previously known as the National Radio and Phono Fest, it is the largest regular event in the Aussie radio calendar and is where radio buffs meet to swap tall stories, show off their bits and pieces and buy and sell radio stuff that is not normally found at Dick Smith.


The HRSA (inc.) was formed in 1982 by a group of enthusiasts committed to the preservation of Australia's radio heritage. From its origins in Victoria, it has become a nationwide organisation of over 1,000 members, with affiliated groups all around Australia.


Members of the HRSA come from all walks of life, but are united by a common interest in radio. There are a number of informal "special interest" groups within the organisation, concentrating on particular facets of the hobby.


Some of these are:


  • Radio receiver collecting, especially Australian makes.

  • Wooden cabinet restoration.

  • Bakelite cabinet restoration.

  • Amateur radio

  • Test equipment.

  • Crystal sets.

  • Valve collecting.

  • Early television.

  • Commercial radio equipment.

  • History of Australian broadcasting.

  • Sound equipment.

  • Aviation radio.

  • Radio history.

  • Military radio systems.


The HRSA holds regular meetings at a number of locations around Australia. Meeting activities include radio displays, auctions, technical discussion and a buy/sell trade in radio components and visitors are most welcome to attend. At the recent September Festival in Canberra there was a wide range of items, including the earliest Marconi equipment, crystal sets, valve radios, military radio equipment, old telephone equipment and phonographs. George Barlin


On the Saturday night there was a dinner for the exhibitors, who, apart from being spoiled with excellent food and wine, were entertained by the venerable George Barlin who spoke about the early days of radio. George was the first and only employee of Radio Station 2CA back in 1933 and later became its manager. Along with Arthur Shakespeare he applied for and obtained Canberra's first TV licence in the 1950s. He made a top impression on everyone present and at 94, gave them something to aspire to. His stories of broadcasting from a lonely tin shed, his link to the Petrov affair, and the story behind the Prime Minister's broadcasts were captivating.


The radio market opened at 9:00am on the Sunday and many members had booked selling tables. Over 600 visitors come to the show and some of the items which members had for sale can be found HERE.


Ian Johnston at the HRSA Festival in Canberra


Ian Johnston had a table at the Festival and here he shows off his

Marconi style equipment, some of which he built.



Click on the photos below for a description and a hi-res view. 







The next event, in two years’ time, will be held in Melbourne to celebrate the 30th Anniversary of the HRSA. If you have an interest in this fascinating hobby, why not join??  The HRSA is always looking for new members. The annual membership fee is $35 for Australian residents and $49 for overseas applicants.  If you would like to join, you can do so HERE.


The membership year runs from 1st July.



Murphy's Technology Law #1:

Logic is a systematic method of coming to the wrong conclusion with confidence.



Simple home remedies that work.

Mal Sayers has sent us these amazingly simple home remedies that he reckons really work.


  1. To avoid cutting yourself when slicing vegetable, get someone else to hold the vegetable while you chop.

  2. To avoid arguments with the females about lifting the toilet seat, use the sink.

  3. For high blood pressure sufferers, simply cut yourself and bleed for a few minutes, thus reducing the pressure on your venins. (Remember to use a timer.)

  4. A loaded mouse trap placed on top of your alarm clock will prevent you from rolling over and going back to sleep after you hit the snooze button.

  5. If you have a bad cough, take a large dose of laxatives, you’ll be too scared to cough.

  6. You only need two tools in life, a can of WD40 and duct tape. If it doesn’t move and it should, use the WD40, if it shouldn’t move and it does, use the duct tape.

  7. If you can’t fix it with a hammer, you’ve got an electrical problem






Hard Landing.


On August 26, 2010, at 1251 Pacific daylight time, an Airbus A320, operated by JetBlue Airways Corporation, a low cost airline, landed at Sacramento International Airport, California. During touchdown on runway 16R, the airplane rapidly decelerated, the main landing gear tires blew out, and a minor tire-related fire erupted. All of the occupants in the airplane evacuated via the emergency egress cabin door slides. The airplane sustained minor damage and 7 of the 86 passengers received minor injuries during the evacuation process. None of the 2 pilots or 3 flight attendants was injured. Visual meteorological conditions (VMC) prevailed at the time.

 Jet Blue Airbus A320

According to the flight crew, the flight and approach to runway 16R were normal. Neither pilot recalled any abnormal indications or warnings associated with the braking system prior to landing. The first officer was the flying pilot. On touchdown, the airplane began a rapid deceleration, and the first officer remarked to the captain that it felt like a main landing gear tire blew out.


About this time, surface movement controllers reported observing sparks and smoke in the area of the main landing gear. The captain took control of the airplane. He maintained directional control and the airplane came to a stop about 2,000 feet from the touchdown point. The captain directed the first officer to initiate the ground evacuation Quick Reference Checklist up to the evacuation decision point. At that time, controllers confirmed smoke and fire was still visible around the main landing gear. Based on this information the captain elected to evacuate the airplane.


Crash fire rescue personnel and equipment responded to the airplane, which had stopped on the runway. According to the flight crew and flight attendants, a swift and orderly evacuation was performed via emergency evacuation slides at the doors.


The airplane was subsequently examined by the operator and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) JetBlue Airbus A320 - with slidespersonnel. Airplane damage was limited to four deflated main landing gear tires and ground down wheel rims. The main landing gear tires showed evidence of being locked on touchdown. Ground damage was limited to minor grazing to the runway's surface.


According to airplane recorded flight data, the parking brake had become engaged during the landing approach at approximately 5,100 feet above mean sea level and it remained engaged throughout the landing.


Obviously, there are two likely scenarios that could have caused the parking brake to become engaged prior to landing, either electronic error or human error but, for the brake to have been set manually, a crew member would have had to lift and turn a brake initiation device on the cockpit centre console, something that one would think would not go unnoticed by other crew members.


It is expected that it will be several months before the USA NTSB concludes its review.




Qantas’ Airbus A380.

 Qantas Airbus A380

We don’t think a lot of people know just how serious the situation was on board Qantas’ Airbus A380, on the 4th November, when its number 2 (left hand inner) engine had a catastrophic failure,


For the groundies, who’ve never seen an aeroplane, here are some of the problems faced by the crew after the incident. Fortunately, there were 5 pilots on the aircraft at the time, 3 of them Captains, so they could spread the unbelievable work load.


We know what was trumps!!!!


  • massive fuel leak in the left mid fuel tank (the aircraft has 11 tanks, including one in the horizontal stabiliser on the tail)

  • massive fuel leak in the left inner fuel tank

  • a hole on the flap canoe/fairing that you could fit your upper body through

  • the aft gallery in the fuel system failed, preventing many fuel transfer functions

  • fuel jettison had problems due to the previous problem above

  • bloody great hole in the upper wing surfaceQantas A380 - wing damage

  • partial failure of leading edge slats

  • partial failure of speed brakes/ground spoilers

  • shrapnel damage to the flaps

  • TOTAL loss of all hydraulic fluid in the Green System (the A380 has 2 x 5,000 PSI systems, Green and Yellow)

  • Elec function of landing gear failed, requiring manual extension

  • loss of 1 generator and associated systems

  • loss of brake anti-skid system

  • unable to shutdown adjacent number 1 engine (for the groundies, aircraft engines are numbered from left to right) using normal method after landing due to major damage to systems

  • unable to shutdown adjacent number 1 engine using the fire switch!!!!!!!! Therefore, no fire protection was available for that engine after the explosion in number 2 (scarey)

  • Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring (ECAM) warnings about major fuel imbalance because of fuel leaks on left side, that were UNABLE to be fixed with cross-feeding

  • fuel trapped in Trim Tank (in the tail). Therefore, possible major CofG out-of-balance condition for landing. Yikes!



  • Elect Bus number 2 is supposedly to be automatically powered by Bus number 1 in the event of Engine number 2 failure - didn't happen.

  • Buses number 3 and number 4 will supposedly power Bus number 2 in the event that the auto transfer from Bus number 1 fails - didn't happen.

  • After some time the Ram Air Turbine (RAT) deployed for no apparent reason, locking out (as a load-shedding function) some still functioning services. (The RAT is a large windmilling propeller driven generator that “pops” into the airstream in an emergency to deliver emergency power to aircraft, allowing pilots to manipulate flight surfaces for safe landings. They are normally stowed in the wing or fuselage and deployed in the event that an airplane loses normal power, these devices have saved hundreds of lives).Qantas A380 Engine nacelle damage

  • One of the frequently recurring messages warned of the aircraft approaching the aft CoG limit (the procedure calls for transferring fuel forward), the next message advised of forward transfer pumps being U/S. This sequence occurred repeatedly.

  • Normally, landing/approach speeds are obtained from the Flight Management System (FMS), but there weren't anywhere near sufficient fields to load all the defects for speed corrections, the crew loaded what they thought were the most critical ones.

  • The crew commenced an approach NOT because they'd sorted out all the problems but because they were very worried about the way-out-of-tolerance and steadily worsening lateral imbalance of the aeroplane.

  • The aircraft stopped with just over 100 metres or runway left, brakes temps climbed to 9000C with fuel pouring out of the ruptured tank. They were unable to shutdown number 1 engine (as previously mentioned) but elected not to evacuate as the fire services were attending in great numbers.


The aeroplane did many things the crew simply didn't understand and it failed to operate as expected. The aeroplane didn't function very well, the crew did a fabulous job, made some difficult decisions correctly, and the whole event was far closer to a catastrophe than anyone realised.


You can see some photos and a description of the damage HERE and HERE. Both of these documents appeared on the web, in the public domain, but now seem to have been removed.


The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has issued an Emergency Airworthiness Directive on the Rolls Royce engines which you can read HERE.




Murphy's Technology Law #2:

Nothing ever gets built on schedule or within budget.




The Colour Wheel.

 Simple colour wheel

Did you know that there are only 3 primary colours, and they are:


  • red

  • blue

  • yellow


These colours cannot be made from mixing other colours. People who work with colours, painters, artists etc, use colour wheels to remind themselves how colours are related. They remind artists how to mix and think about colours.


And – there are also only 3 secondary colours, and these are:Secondary colour wheel


  • green

  • orange

  • violet (purple)


Secondary colours are made by mixing two primary colours. Each secondary colour is made from the two primary colours closest to it on the colour wheel


So, by mixing red and yellow you get orange,



Mix yellow and blue and you get green



And mix blue and red and you get violet.




Murphy's Technology Law #3:

All's well that ends . . . period.



Then, by mixing together these 6 colours, in different quantities, you can get all the other colours.

If you’re really interested in this stuff – go HERE






Keith Green saw this pic below in Vol31, page 14. He says he can put names to the faces as he was a ‘resident’ of Hut 29 at the time and is in the photo.


Darwin boys

Back L-R:   Chris Lovett, Ian (Black Mac) McLaren, Russ Osborne, Keith (Bluey) Green, Alan Webster

Front L-R:   Charlie Benson, John (JR) Richards, John Barret, Reg Taylor, ....  .... (not 100% sure)



Murphy's Technology Law #4:

A failure will not appear until a unit has passed final inspection.





Blasts hit “secret” Iranian missile launching-pad.


Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Reportedly, a top-secret Iranian military installation was struck by a triple blast on Tuesday 12th October, the day before Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad arrived in Lebanon. Military and intelligence ‘sources’ report the site held most of the Shehab-3 medium-range missile launchers Iran had stocked for striking US forces in Iraq and Israel in the event of war - some set to deliver triple warheads (tri-conic nosecones).


The 18 soldiers officially reported killed in the blasts and 14 injured belonged to the Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) main missile arm, the Al-Hadid Brigades.


The Imam Ali Base where the explosion occurred is situated in lofty Zagros mountain country near the town of Khorramabad in the western Iranian province of Lorestan. This site was selected for an altitude which eases precise targeting and the difficulty of reaching it for air or ground attack. It lies 400 kilometres from Baghdad and primary American bases in central Iraq and 1,250 kilometres from Tel Aviv and central Israel. Both are well within the Shehab-3 missile's 1,800 to 2,500 kilometre operational range. Iranian missile launcher


Iranian sources report that Tehran spent hundreds of millions to build one of the largest subterranean missile launching facilities of its kind in the Middle East or Europe. Burrowed under the Imam Ali Base is a whole network of wide tunnels deep underground. Somehow, a mysterious hand rigged three blasts in quick succession deep inside those tunnels, destroying a large number of launchers and causing enough damage to render the facility unfit for use.


In its official statement on the incident, Tehran denied it was the result of "a terrorist attack" and claimed the explosion "was caused by a nearby fire that spread to the munitions storage area of the base." In the same way, the regime went to great lengths to cover up the ravages wrought to their nuclear and military control systems by the Stuxnet virus - which is still at work.


In actual fact, military sources report, Iran's missile arsenal and the Revolutionary Guards have also suffered a devastating blow. Worst of all, all their experts are at a loss to account for the assailants' ability to penetrate one of Iran's most closely guarded bases and reach deep underground to blow up the missile launchers.


The number of casualties is believed to be greater than the figure given out by Tehran.

Iranian Missiles

The soldiers' funerals took place Thursday, 14th Oct. at the same time as Ahmadinejad declared in South Lebanon that Israel was destined to "disappear." A few hours later, he ended his contentious two-day visit to Lebanon.


Recently, Aviation Week discovered that the new intermediate-range BM-25 Musudan ballistic missile exhibited at the North Korean military parade on Sunday 10th October - at which Kim Jong-II also paraded his son and heir - bore a strong resemblance to the Iranian Shehab-3.


It is therefore possible that the explosions at the IRGC base in Lorestan Tuesday also sabotaged secret models of Iran's latest road-mobile, liquid-fuel version of the Shehab-3 ballistic missile.


What a shame!!!




Murphy's Technology Law #5:

Any given program, when running, is obsolete.



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